AENT 5111 – Fundamentals of Entomology – I
AENT 5111 Fundamentals of Entomology
Part – I
1 Introduction to phylum Arthropoda.
2 Importance of class Insecta. Insect dominance.
3 History of entomology in India, Importance of entomology in different fields. Definition, division, and scope of entomology.
4 Comparative account of external morphonology-types of mouthparts, antennae, legs, wings, and genitalia.
5 Structure, the function of cuticle & molting, and body segmentation
6 Anatomy of Digestive, Circulatory, Sensory, Respiratory, Glandular, Excretory, Nervous and Reproductive systems of insects.
7 Types of reproduction. Postembryonic development-eclosion. Metamorphosis. Types of e.g. larvae and pupa.
8 Classification of insects up to orders, sub-order, and families of economic importance and their distinguished characters. Plant mites-morphological features, important families with examples
Part – ll & lII
1 Insect Ecology: Introduction, Environment and its components.
2 Effect of abiotic factors such as – temperature, moisture, humidity, rainfall, light, atmospheric pressure, and air currents. Effects of biotic factors food competition, natural, and environmental resistance.
3 Categories of pests. Concept of IPM (Integrated Pest Management), Practices, scope, and limitations of IPM.
4 Classification of insecticides, the toxicity of insecticides, and formulations of insecticides. Chemical control-importance, hazards, and limitations 6 Recent methods of pest control, repellents, antifeedants, hormones, attractants, gamma radiation. -2
7 Insecticides Act 1968-Important provisions.
8 Application techniques of spray fluids. Symptoms of poisoning, first aid and antidotes.
1 Systematics: Taxonomy and its importance, history, and development, and binomial nomenclature. Definition of Biotype, Sub-species, Species, Genus, Family, and Order.
2 Classification of class Insecta up to Orders, basic groups of present-day insects with special emphasis to orders and families of Agricultural importance like Orthoptera: Acrididae, Tettigoniidae, Gryllidae, Gryllotalpidae; Dictyoptera: Mantidae, Blattidae; Odonata; Isoptera: Termitidae; Thysanoptera: Thripidae; Hemiptera: Pentatomidae, Coreidae, Cimicidae, Pyrrhocoridae, Lygaeidae, Cicadellidae, Delphacidae, Aphididae, Coccidae, Lophophidae, leurodidae, Pseudococcidae; Neuroptera: Chrysopidae; Lepidoptera: Pieridae, Papiloinidae, Noctuidae, Sphingidae, Pyralidae, Gelechiidae, Arctiidae, Saturniidae, Bombycidae; Coleoptera: Coccinellidae, Chrysomelidae, Cerambycidae, Curculionidae, Bruchidae, Scarabaeidae; Hymenoptera: Tenthridinidae, Apidae. Trichogrammatidae, Ichneumonidae, Braconidae, Chalcididae; Diptera: Cecidomyiidae, Tachinidae, Agromyziidae, Culicidae, Muscidae, Tephritidae.
1 Insect collection and preservation.
2 Identification of important insects
3 General body organization of insects.
4 Study on the morphology of grasshopper or cockroach.
5 Preparation of permanent mounts of mouthparts, antennae, legs, and wings.
6 Dissection of grasshopper and caterpillar for the study of internal morphology.
7 Observations on metamorphosis of larvae and pupae. Dissection of cockroaches.