APB 5211 – Fundamentals of Plant Breeding
1. Historical development, concept, nature, and role of plant breeding, major achievements, and future prospects.
2. Genetics in relation to plant breeding, modes of reproduction and apomixes, self-incompatibility and male sterility- genetic consequences, cultivar options.
3. Domestication, Acclimatization and Introduction.
4. Centers of origin/diversity, components of Genetic variation.
5. Heritability and genetic advance.
6. Genetic basis and breeding methods in self-pollinated crops – mass and pure line selection, hybridization techniques, and handling of segregating population.
7. Multiline concept.
8. Concepts of population genetics and Hardy-Weinberg Law.
9. Genetic basis and methods of breeding cross-pollinated crops, modes of selection Population improvement Schemes- Ear to row method, Modified Ear to Row, recurrent selection schemes.
10. Heterosis and inbreeding depression, development of inbred lines and hybrids, composite and synthetic varieties.
11. Breeding methods in asexually propagated crops, clonal selection, and hybridization.
12. Maintenance of breeding records and data collection; Wide hybridization and pre-breeding.
13. Polyploidy in relation to plant breeding.
14. mutation breeding-methods and uses.
15. Breeding for important biotic and abiotic stresses.
16. Biotechnological tools-DNA markers and marker-assisted selection.
17. Participatory plant breeding.
18. Intellectual Property Rights, Patenting, Plant Breeders and & Farmer’s Rights.